One of the critical components of academic writing is research citation and referencing. Students are expected to give credit to primary sources whenever they state facts. A bibliography references these sources, and this article will show you how to create annotated bibliography. You will also find a detailed explanation of the term.
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is an overview that shows the reader a collection of the materials you used for your research. It doesn’t just show the reader the sources you used for your work, but it also contains a brief description of each source. Annotated bibliography topics may be a requirement for academic work or maybe an independent assignment to test your citation skills.
Writing an annotated bibliography for research paper
Below are some tips to help you write the perfect annotated bibliography.
- Gather your sources
Before you write your annotated bibliography assignment, you need to get your sources straight. List all the sources you intend to mention and get background information about each source. As long as you know the topic, finding primary sources should not be a problem.
Ensure the source you get to support each point is the most recent point of view. Do not reference sources that are over ten years old.
- Choose a citation style
You will need to cite your sources in the annotated bibliography assignment. Make sure you choose a suitable citation style before you start writing. The most common option is MLA Format and APA style. These methods are also effective for in-text citations. Ideally, your instructor will tell you the recommended citation style for the project. However, if you must choose on your own, go for the MLA.
- Write the annotation
The annotation is the description of the cited and referenced content. It must be straightforward and brief. Give the reader a summary of the content of the referenced work and add an in-text citation. For each point, two to three sentences should be enough for annotation. Each sentence should be between 20 and 25 words and must be written in proper grammar.
Annotated bibliography topics
You can write annotated bibliography for various topics across fields. As long as it is a research-based paper, you can make a bibliography. You will find an annotated bibliography assignment example below:
- Justification for the death penalty
- Technology in education in the 21st century
- Real-world solutions to the global climate crisis
- Tackling the doping epidemic among professional athletes in UK
- Gender differences in the criminal justice system in the US
- The link between obesity and eating disorders
- Recovering in a post-covid world
- Psychological consequences of domestic violence on children
- The value of universal healthcare in the United States
- The value of 3D printing in modern-day society
- Gender differences in pay gaps
- Exploring genetic engineering in modern medicine
- Music therapy in alternative medicine
- The revolution of marketing in the digital age
- Homelessness in the United States (a case study)
- What the COVID-19 pandemic taught the United States about healthcare
- Healthcare information systems – a benefit of the digital age
- Harnessing political interests with social media
- The role of big data in the information technology industry
- Gun violence statistics in the United States
Annotated bibliography vs works cited
Cited works and annotated bibliographies are used to reference articles. Both lead the reader to the primary source of information about a given topic. All the papers, essays, and studies that support your claim are referenced in both cases.
The only difference between a cited work and an annotated bibliography is that the annotated bibliography also contains a brief summary of the content of the referenced work. This brief summary is called annotation and may vary in length depending on the subject.
Now you know what an annotated bibliography format should look like, you can get started right away. Remember not to go overboard with your descriptions. Use in-text citations to guide your reader to where they can find more information.